Commercial(ASE) Solo Requirements
Votes
Answered By AOPA
Hello, I am a CPL candidate and I am almost done my training. Now I am reviewing my logbook, and I confused about ‘5 hours solo time’.
I finished one solo cross country flying(300NM, 250NM St-in) and I took night take off & landing(11/11) with CFI. Also, I have more than 10 hours night solo cross country time. Do I still need something to meet the solo requirements? Please, tell me about this. Thanks.
 
7 Replies
Votes
AOPA Staff Answer
Hi Seungin,

To answer any question about Commercial aeronautical experience requirements we first have to go to FAR 61.129 and review what is required.

Here are the requirements for solo:



First off, these requirements need to be taken care of outside of your private and instrument training, no double dipping. The total solo requirement for the commercial rating is 10 hours, not 5. These hours can be accomplished with a CFI on-board, but you're supposed to be logging those flights as "performing the duties of pilot in command". If you are accomplishing your solo requirements as "performing the duties of PIC" then the whole entire 10 hours needs to be accomplished in that manner. It is not acceptable to mix the two, its either 10 hours solo or 10 hours performing the duties of PIC. Here's the FAA letter of interpretation that covers this Grannis (2016).

At this point you'll need to determine how you are going to complete the 10 hours of this requirement, solo or performing the duties of PIC. Then you'll need to go back into your logbook and determine where your shortfalls are and make a plan on how to get those knocked out. If you have questions about whether you qualify or not still, you'll want to talk with you instructor, as they're the one tasked with insuring that you are prepared and qualified when you're signed off. I hope this helps.
Votes
BTW, these are questions your instructor should be answering.  If your instructor doesn't know, you might need a different instructor.
Votes
Thanks. Yes, 10 hours, what I said..’night hours’. Again, thanks a lot.
Votes
Thanks a lot. I think he doesn’t know well about this. Last week he told me that ‘300nm XC have to do with CFI, not solo’. So I showed FAR, and he realized. That’s why I tried to review all my logbook again. Thanks. 
 
Votes
If he doesn't even know the requirements for the certificate, are you sure he can teach you all the required material (knowledge and flight)?  Again, maybe you should be asking whether this is the right instructor for the job.
Votes
Thanks a lot.  I have one more question about ‘night solo’. Is it 5 hours ‘touch&go’ training only or total 5 hours night and total 10 T/O &L/D? Thanks again.
Votes
First, it's not "training" -- it's "solo".  That said, it's 5 hours of night solo flight time, during which you must get 10 takeoffs and 10 landings, but it doesn't all have to be takeoffs and landings.  Just remember that those takeoffs and landings must all be at airports with an operating control tower (no coming in after they close), and each landing must be out of the pattern (straight-ins don't count).