FAR 61.55 & 61.58
Votes
Open
I fly for a Part 91 Operator. I am PIC qualified on two different multi-pilot turbojet aircraft per 61.58. On any given day, I may function as either the PIC or the SIC. 61.58 allows me to go 24 months between PC on each type as long as I alternate check rides on each type each year.  61.55 says I need to ‘become familiar’ with each model every year to function as SIC.  My questions are:

1.  How does the FAA define ‘become familiar’?  Is self study of the required items ok or does it require something more formal?

2.  If self study is OK, must I document in my logbook or training record that I have ‘become familiar’?

3.  Being PIC qualified on two airplanes can create the situation where I am current to be PIC under 61.58 (training on type every 24 months) but not current to be SIC under 61.55 (specifically, engine out training required by 61.55 (b)(2)(ii) as my company doesn’t allow engine out training in the actual airplane. In addition, 61.58 doesn’t require me to ‘become familiar’ every 12 months on type.) Is there a legal precedent that lets 61.58 PIC qualification trump 61.55 on the days I fly as SIC?

Thanks!
1 Replies
Votes
Matthew Coleman:

1.  How does the FAA define ‘become familiar’?  Is self study of the required items ok or does it require something more formal?

I cannot find any FAA definition of "become familiar" in this context in any regulation, interpretation, or advisory circular.
Matthew Coleman:
2.  If self study is OK, must I document in my logbook or training record that I have ‘become familiar’?

The regulations are silent on this point, but bearing in mind the maxim that "if it isn't written down, it didn't happen", I'd put it in the Ground Training portion of my pilot logbook.
Matthew Coleman:
3.  Being PIC qualified on two airplanes can create the situation where I am current to be PIC under 61.58 (training on type every 24 months) but not current to be SIC under 61.55 (specifically, engine out training required by 61.55 (b)(2)(ii) as my company doesn’t allow engine out training in the actual airplane. In addition, 61.58 doesn’t require me to ‘become familiar’ every 12 months on type.) Is there a legal precedent that lets 61.58 PIC qualification trump 61.55 on the days I fly as SIC?

I know of nothing in writing which says that. However, I see no reason why you couldn't log the training that typically occurs during annual PIC recurrency programs showing that all those 61.55 items were covered.  61.55 says the engine-out training may be accomplished in the sim, and I'm sure you do some of that during your 61.58 recurrency program.  Just make sure it's logged.