Stepping up to commercial
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I have a PPL with SEL/MEL(unrestricted) and instrument ratings.  I am considering stepping up to a commercial license.  I also own a Cessna 210 and a 337.  I have been told I need to take the commercial checkride twice, once for SEL and again for MEL.  So what happens if if only do the MEL checkride?  What happens if I do the MEL in the 337?  Do I end up with a PPL/SEL, PPL/MEL (Unrestricted) and CPL/MEL (Centerline thrust restricted)?  Do I lose the unrestricted MEL?

Peter
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If you only do the full MEL (non-CLT) ride, yes, you end up with Private privileges in singles and Commercial privileges in twins.  Your new Commercial Pilot certificate would say on the back:

AIRPLANE MULTIENGINE LAND
AIRPLANE SINGLE ENGINE LAND LIMITED TO PRIVATE PRIVILEGES

FAA Orders 8900.1 and 8900.2 do not address the situation where a PP-AMEL takes a CP ride in a CLT twin.  However, subject to confirmation by AFS-600/800, if you do the MEL in a 337, you should not lose your unrestricted AMEL privileges at the Private level.  I think the back should say:

AIRPLANE MULTIENGINE LAND COMMERCIAL PRIVILEGES LIMITED TO CENTER THRUST
AIRPLANE SINGLE ENGINE LAND LIMITED TO PRIVATE PRIVILEGES

You'd still have Private privileges in all twins and singles, but commercial privileges only in a CLT twin.  For confirmation, ask your local FSDO to check with Flight Standards.